Rules for Blackjack
Blackjack is a popular comparing card game.
The decks of cards are shuffled and placed into the shoe, from where cards are drawn. If the shoe is empty, it is refilled completely.
- Each player places a bet, up to max(the player's balance + 200, 100).
- The dealer draws 2 cards, 1 revealed and 1 hidden. Each player gets 2 cards.
- Each player makes a move until he busts or stands, and then the next player moves.
- After all players have moved, the dealer reveals the hole card, and then hits until the hand value is at least 17 (possibly hits on Ace and 6).
- Every player's hand is compared against the dealer's, and payouts are processed.
The better hand wins the bet amount.
If the player has a natural blackjack while the dealer does not, a bonus is paid on top.
If the player's hand busts (exceeds 21), the dealer wins.
If the hands are otherwise equal, it is a "push" and neither side wins.
Hands are ranked from best to worst in 21 categories:
- Natural blackjack (best): Ace and 10, except for 10 after hitting split Ace
- 21 to 3 (19 categories): ordered by hand value descending
- Bust (worst): hand value is 22 or higher
Jack, Queen, and King are equivalent to 10. Ace has a value of 1 or 11.
The hand value is intuitively the best possible sum of card values.
Formally, the hand value is the hard hand value if the soft hand value exceeds 21; otherwise, it is the soft hand value. The hard hand value is the sum of card values, treating Ace as 1. The soft hand value is the hard hand value, plus 10 if there is at least one ace.
- Hit: get 1 card (turn ends if value exceeds 21)
- Stand: end turn
- Double: if hand has 2 cards, double bet amount, get 1 card and stand
- Split: with a hand of two equal-value cards, move one to a new hand, add a bet to the new hand equal to the original bet, and draw one card for both hands
- Surrender: if hand has 2 cards, forfeit half of bet
- Insurance: if dealer shows Ace, bet up to half of bet, which pays 2:1 if dealer has a blackjack.
Intermissions last up to 30 seconds, ending early if all players are ready.
Each turn lasts up to 20 seconds by default, with automatic Stand. Unused turn time cannot be carried to future turns. There is only a turn timer, not a game timer.
Blackjack pays 3 to 2 (50% bonus), so bets must be an even integer. Paying 6 to 5 would require bets to be multiples of 10. This option might be added in the future.
Inverted (default: off)
Balance changes are negated.
Simple (default: off)
Play with the simpler rules of 21, without the new rules in Blackjack. Just Hit or Stand, without worrying about splitting, doubling, surrendering, or insurance.
Decks (default: 1, min: 1, max: 9)
Number of decks to use. 9 is treated as ∞ decks. Increases house edge.
Dealer Hits on Soft 17 (default: on)
Dealer hits on soft 17 instead of standing. Increases house edge.
Dealer Peek (default: on)
Dealer peeks and, after early surrender, ends the game immediately if there is a blackjack. Decreases house edge.
Typically on in American and off in European games.
Doubling is allowed when the hand value is
- any (default)
- 9 to 11
- 10 or 11
Later options increase house edge.
Double After Split (default: on)
After splitting, allow doubling each hand separately. Decreases house edge.
Surrendering is allowed when
- off: never
- late (default): the dealer does not have a blackjack
- early non-ace: the dealer shows a non-Ace
- early: always
Split Non-Ace (default: 3, min: 0, max: 3)
Pairs of 2 to 10 can be split N times to make N+1 hands. Decreases house edge.
Split Ace (default: 1, min: 0, max: 3)
Pairs of aces can be split N times to make N+1 hands. Decreases house edge.
Hit Split Ace (default: on)
Allow hitting split aces. Decreases house edge. If hit with a 10, the blackjack is not a "natural" blackjack.